June 13, 2024

Decoded: ‘One Nation, One Election’ proposal

BJP government has formed a committee for one nation, one election proposal.

One nation, one election would save a significant amount of money

The idea of holding simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and state assemblies has been around for many years. However, it has recently gained traction. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government has been a strong advocate of this proposal popularly known as one nation, one election, and a committee has been formed to examine its feasibility.

There are both pros and cons of this decision. If we talk about the potential benefits of holding simultaneous elections. First, it would save money. The Election Commission of India (ECI) estimates that it would save around Rs. 30,000 crore if all elections were held simultaneously. This money could be used for other important purposes, such as education and healthcare.

Second, simultaneous elections would reduce the disruption caused by frequent polls. Every few years, there are elections at the national, state, and local levels. This can lead to instability and uncertainty, as well as a diversion of resources away from essential services.

Third, it would give voters a greater say in their government. Currently, voters have to go to the polls every few years to elect their representatives. If all elections were held simultaneously, voters would have a chance to hold their elected representatives accountable more often.

Fourth, one nation, one election, would help to ensure that all elections are held fairly and smoothly. The ECI would be able to focus its resources on one election at a time, which would make it easier to prevent fraud and other irregularities.

Fifth, simultaneous elections would promote national integration. Holding elections across the country at the same time, it would help to create a sense of common purpose and shared destiny among the people of India.

However, there are also some challenges to having a ‘one nation, one election’ idea. First, it would require a constitutional amendment. The current constitution does not allow for simultaneous elections, as it requires each state to have its own legislative assembly.

Second, it would be difficult to coordinate the elections of so many different bodies. The ECI would have to ensure that all the elections are held fairly and transparently and that the results are announced in a timely manner.

Third, there is a risk that simultaneous elections could lead to a concentration of power in the hands of a few parties. If one party wins a majority in both the Lok Sabha and the state assemblies, it could become very powerful and difficult to dislodge.

Overall, the idea of holding simultaneous elections has both potential benefits and challenges. It is important to carefully consider all the factors involved before making a decision.

One nation, one vote would be a major undertaking, and it would require the cooperation of all stakeholders, including the political parties, the ECI, and the Election Commissions of the states. 

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