July 21, 2024
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Killer dengue is back to haunt India. How to protect your family?

Dengue cases are on the rise in Delhi NCR

Dengue raises concern in India

Dengue cases are rising again across many states of India. Till July, Delhi alone has witnessed more than 200 cases and other states too are witnessing a surge of cases.

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The past six years of data from 2017 to 2022 by the National Centre for Vector Borne Diseases Control highlight that India has reported around 9 lakh cases of dengue. Nearly 1400 deaths were reported during the same period. These numbers are a matter of concern as these deaths happening owing to dengue fever can be prevented by eliminating breeding spots for dengue mosquitoes.

This disease has a seasonal pattern, cases mostly peak after the monsoon. Every year from July to November, dengue cases see an upsurge. The year 2023 is no different. While cases are already rising in Delhi NCR, soon it may be not easy to find beds in many hospitals of Delhi NCR. People of all age groups are at risk, mainly those traveling or living in endemic areas.

What is Dengue?
Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infection. It continues to be a significant public health concern in India. The disease is transmitted through the bite of female Aedes mosquitoes, primarily Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, both of which are prevalent in the country. The monsoon season, which brings heavy rainfall and stagnant water, further aggravates the breeding of mosquitoes, leading to an upswing in dengue cases.

Over the years, India has witnessed periodic dengue outbreaks, causing widespread concern among the population.

Here are some essential tips on how to protect oneself from this life-threatening disease.

Symptoms and Complications
Dengue symptoms can range from mild to severe, and some infected individuals may not show any symptoms at all. Common signs include sudden high fever, severe headache, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, skin rash, and mild bleeding. In severe cases, dengue can lead to a potentially fatal condition that can cause bleeding, organ failure, and a significant drop in blood pressure, putting the patient’s life at risk.

Measures against Dengue

  1. Eliminate Mosquito Breeding Sites: Aedes mosquitoes breed in standing water. To minimize the risk of dengue, eliminate all possible breeding sites by regularly emptying, cleaning, or covering containers that can hold water. This includes flower pots, discarded tires, water tanks, and any other objects that can collect rainwater.
  2. Use Mosquito Repellents: Apply insect repellents containing on exposed skin to keep mosquitoes at bay. Additionally, use mosquito nets or screens on windows and doors to prevent mosquitoes from entering your living spaces.
  3. Wear Protective Clothing: When venturing outdoors during peak mosquito activity hours (early morning and evening), wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and socks to reduce skin exposure.
  4. Promote Community Cleanliness: Engage in community efforts to keep public spaces clean and free from stagnant water. Educate others about the importance of dengue prevention and collaborate with local authorities to initiate regular mosquito control measures.
  5. Seek Medical Attention: If you experience symptoms suggestive of dengue fever, seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and appropriate medical care can significantly reduce the risk of complications.
  6. Hydrate and Rest: If diagnosed with dengue, follow your healthcare provider’s advice, drink plenty of fluids, and get adequate rest to aid in your recovery.

    Dengue remains a significant health challenge, but with proper awareness and preventive measures, we can protect ourselves and our communities from this mosquito-borne menace. Let us work together to safeguard our health and build a dengue-free India.

    Check out the data below from the National Center for Vector Borne Diseases Control

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